The Nordic diet is consumed by people from Nordic countries such as Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Iceland. It is characterized by being mostly plant based, based on a large consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and seafood, a small amount of high-quality meat and minimal processed food. A Nordic diet is also typically cooked at home. This review showed samples of intervention studies that conclude this style of eating reduces risk factors for cardiovascular disease and its associated symptoms such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol and can also reduce rates of death caused by cardiovascular complications such as myocardial infarction (heart attack).
The Nordic diet is characterized by a high content of plant-based food and a limited content of animal and processed food. Intervention studies show with moderate evidence that Nordic diet reduces risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (blood pressure, total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol). Observational studies show with weak evidence that Nordic diet reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases e.g. stroke and myocardial infarcts and with moderate evidence reduces cardiovascular death. Thus, Nordic diet appears beneficial for cardiovascular health as well as for the climate and the environment, as argued in this review.
Article Publication Date: 27/03/2023