Research Papers

This study is breakthrough research related to migraines, explaining the correlation between the neurological symptoms that occur with ‘aura’ and migraine…

Histamine intolerance (HIT) is a gastrointestinal disorder caused by excessive histamine levels, often due to impaired diamine oxidase (DAO)…

The aim of this paper was to assess associations between dietary pesticide exposure and Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). The authors reviewed data from participants…

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of combined iron supplementation and methylphenidate treatment (commonly known as Ritalin)…

Large quantities of plant-protection products, such as pesticides, are used in French agricultural practices. Negative impacts of pesticides on human…

Migraine is one of the most prevalent neurological disorders, affecting approximately 12-20% of the general population. Migraines are recurrent…

Obesity and postnatal depression are major global health issues. Postnatal depression affects over 10% of women within a year of childbirth and is linked to an increased…

This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials examining whether acupuncture is effective for treating ADHD in children and…

Ficus carica, commonly known as fig, has demonstrated a significant ability to inhibit tumor formation and cancer cell development by modulating…

Tryptophan is an essential amino acid that breaks down in the gastrointestinal tract, producing metabolites that impact metabolism and homeostasis…

In the early 1990s, only 1 in 2,000 children in the U.S. were autistic, but by 2020, this rate surged to 1 in 36. Studies show that monozygotic twins have a…

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects up to 10% of children globally. Psychostimulants are the primary treatment for ADHD; however…

Emerging evidence suggests that migraine may be linked to cerebral energy deficits or oxidative stress levels that exceed the body’s antioxidant capacity…

Age-related cognitive decline is due to various factors, such as genetics, environment, diet, and lifestyle. Recent studies show that certain diets, such as…

The preconception and conception period are critical for a child’s future well-being, with maternal nutrition and mental health being key considerations…

Stress is increasingly common worldwide and can harm cognitive and mental well-being. Ashwagandha, an herb used in Ayurvedic medicine, is known for its…

Migraines are a common and debilitating condition, creating a significant burden on society. Despite their severity, there is still a lack of understanding of how migraines…

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting 300 million people globally, with its prevalence on the rise. It commonly affects children and is influenced by…

Artificial sweeteners are a controversial topic at the moment, with some literature exposing their links to poor long-term health outcomes, and others disputing…

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by challenges in social communication and repetitive behaviors, as well as anxiety, attention issues…

Numerous studies have shown that children and adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) frequently experience nutritional deficiencies…

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a brain disorder that gradually affects movement, causing symptoms like tremors, stiffness, slow movement, and…

Migraine is a widespread neurological disorder causing recurrent, severe headaches. Current treatments, such as prescribed pain relief and triptans…

This study looked at the effects of a high-fat diet on sperm sncRNAs (complex molecules found in sperm) and offspring health, knowing that sncRNAs…

The body’s main clock, known as the circadian rhythm, is located in the brain’s hypothalamus. This body clock controls our daily behaviors, including…

A 2023 meta-analysis published in Frontiers in Pharmacology examined 34 peer-reviewed studies involving 2,786 patients with chronic renal failure…

This study addresses the resistance of prostate cancer to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy. ICB therapy helps T cells kill cancer by…

Artificial sweeteners are often used instead of sugar, however their long-term health effects are largely unknown. This study looked at erythritol, a common…

Curcuma longa L. rhizomes, which is the active compound in turmeric, contains many beneficial compounds that fight tumors, depression, pathogenic…

Sarcopenia, characterized by muscle decline, is associated with adverse health outcomes and exhibits varying prevalence rates across age groups. Risk factors…

This study investigated whether ultra-processed foods (UPFs) increase neurological risk, such as cognitive decline and stroke, independently of overall…

The rapid rise in neurological diseases presents a significant global health challenge. These diseases are now the second leading cause of death…

Mitochondrial dysfunction and low nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) levels are key features of muscle aging and sarcopenia, but it is unclear…

The sense of touch holds immense significance in various aspects of our lives. It is the earliest sense to develop in newborns and serves as our most…

Western medical therapies such as antibiotics and steroid creams are common approaches for managing inflammatory skin conditions. However, they often…

This study investigated the associations between sedentary time versus physical activity in childhood and cardiac function later in life. While it is currently…

Numerous studies have proposed a link between reduced microbial exposure and the increased prevalence of allergies. Given the social distancing measures…

COVID-19 vaccination boosters are still being recommended globally, particularly for children. This paper examines the effectiveness of booster vaccinations in…

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a common liver condition linked to obesity, can progress to severe forms such as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)…

Research shows that children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) often have a vitamin A deficiency. This study aimed to compare vitamin A…

In recent years, more people have been diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). There’s been speculation that the ketogenic diet (KD) might help…

Axons, which are cables that transmit messages and connect neurons, have a limited ability to regenerate after injury. While there are currently no…

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by recurring colon inflammation and debilitating symptoms…

Micronutrient deficiencies are linked to impaired immune function, poor growth, and increased morbidity and mortality in children…

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental condition influenced by both genetics and environmental factors…

The occurrence of severe headaches and migraine has been reported in national data when acid-suppression medication is used, such as…

This study compared two dietary approaches with a standard pharmacological medical treatment, for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in adults…

In recent decades, the use of medications for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has surged. However, previous research…

Neuro-developmental disorders impact up to 17% of children in the United States. Recent research has linked pre-natal exposure to pesticides…

Dementia is a neurological condition that generally presents with progressive cognitive decline and behavioral symptoms like apathy, depression, and aggression…

Consumption of seafood, while anti-inflammatory and nutrient dense, also poses risks. This is due to exposure to environmental contaminants like…

Global hyperglycemia rates in pregnant women, often tied to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have surged to around 16%. The rising prevalence…

During the COVID-19 pandemic, particular countries such as Japan saw a rise in non-COVID-19 related deaths, such as from cancer. This study…

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is as a neuro-developmental condition which can display as difficulties in communication, social interaction, speech, and…

This study aimed to explore the impact of mild to moderate pre-natal alcohol exposure (PAE), as well as episodic binge drinking on peri-natal outcomes…

A substantial population of people worldwide suffer with severe mental disorders like schizophrenia (24 million) and bipolar disorder (50 million)…

A recent study has pinpointed two detrimental chemicals: organophosphate flame retardants and quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs)…

Exposure to environmental toxins like cigarette smoke, air pollution, and pesticides can harm brain health, leading to cognitive decline and neuro-degenerative…

While intended to alleviate symptoms of heartburn, common acid reflux medications such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may pose significant threats…

Previous studies have indicated a link between maternal vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)…

Polyphenols, of which 8,000 have been identified, are powerful compounds commonly found in fruit, vegetables, and beverages such as tea and coffee…

Existing treatments for Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) primarily focus on educational and psycho-social interventions, along with medication…

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major global health concern, responsible for a significant proportion of deaths and poor quality of life for many. There is…

Women who are pregnant often experience anxiety, especially where there is uncertainty of resources and support. Anxiety also strongly predicts common…

As a frequently reported cognitive challenge linked to getting older, word-finding difficulty (WFD) is widely observed in neuro-degenerative conditions…

This study examines the effectiveness of 13 therapeutic diets for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), drawing from data provided by 818 participants…

Parkinson’s disease (PD) falls within the spectrum of “tremor syndrome” and “spasmodic syndrome” in traditional Chinese medicine. This ailment…

Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections (PANDAS) and Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS)…

Concerns persist regarding vegetarian diets and their potential risks of anemia and micronutrient deficiencies, particularly among vulnerable populations like…

Ketogenic diets (KD) limit carbohydrate intake to less than 50 g/day while increasing protein and fat consumption. By depriving carbohydrates…

The primary risk factor for dementia is aging, but healthy dietary habits have been linked to reversing aging-related processes such as metabolic changes and…

Endometriosis, characterized by the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, is a chronic condition influenced by immunological, hormonal, and…

This study examined the impact of pesticides, including endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and heavy metals, on health and the environment…

The rising rates of obesity, particularly among women of reproductive age, is a significant public health concern due to its association with chronic liver…

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading global cause of disability, impacting life satisfaction more than debt, divorce, and diabetes. Despite many…

The aim of this paper was to explore factors associated with the intake of fish or omega-3 supplements during pregnancy. A total of 10,800 pregnant women…

COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2, not only affects the respiratory system but also leads to neurological symptoms, such as ‘brain fog’. Some studies suggest…

The first 1000 days from conception significantly shape immune, metabolic, and neurological development in both mother and infant, with microbial exposure…

It is clear in literature that sleep quality is essential for overall health, and that consistently poor sleeping habits are linked with higher risk of Type 2 Diabetes…

The recent increase in global consumption of highly processed foods has raised concerns about its potential link to chronic diseases. Diets high in ultra processed…

This study investigated the relationship between serum vitamin D levels and mortality in post-menopausal women. Using data from the NHANES…

The objective of this randomized-controlled trial was to analyse the impact of fenugreek seed extract on various aspects of healthin adult patients…

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder affecting millions of women globally, often left undiagnosed…

Neural tube defects (NTDs) are rare but significant congenital abnormalities with a range of causes. This study aimed to investigate…

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neuro-developmental condition commonly diagnosed in children, adolescents…

A COVID-19 infection has been linked to increased morbidity and mortality, which prompted the development of widespread…

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) presents with metabolic dysfunctions, impacting fertility and health. Lifestyle interventions, such as…

Birth weight is a significant indicator of infant well-being, with low birth weight (LBW) posing a notable concern worldwide, particularly in…

This study investigated the relationship between the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and stroke prevalence in a diverse U.S. population using…

Glyphosate is a common herbicide found in products like Roundup, and is widely used in agriculture. There has been concern for decades…

COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is a widespread lung condition marked by airflow blockages and clinical symptoms…

This research explored whether the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) linked to a family history of CVD is influenced by a diet…

Consuming sugar-sweetened or artificially sweetened beverages is known to adversely affect health and increase the risk of…

Nutrition has powerfully widespread effects on physiological processes, yet its influence on human immunity remains largely elusive…

While the cognitive benefits of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplements are well-established, the potential impact of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)…

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic liver diseases, whose severe form is associated with oxidative…

This study aimed to investigate early-life dietary patterns and their link to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) later in life. Data from questionnaires…

This paper may have uncovered a new mechanism by which fasting reduces inflammation, a common side effect of the body’s immune…

Introduction: Second-line drugs for acute asthma, such as salbutamol, magnesium sulfate, and aminophylline, are generally intravenously administered…

Supplementation of micronutrients is considered to be crucial in the reinforcement of the skin’s barrier. In this paper, 14 nutritional compounds…

Background & aims: Maternal ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption during pregnancy may adversely affect child development. Pregnancy…

COVID-19 vaccines have been linked to myocarditis, which, in some circumstances, can be fatal. This systematic review aims to investigate potential causal links…

The COVID-19 virus primarily targets the respiratory system, triggering inflammatory cascades and altered immune responses that contribute to disease progression…

Chronic constipation, affecting 14% of the global population, poses significant challenges to quality of life. Traditional treatments involve laxatives…

On May 5, 2023, the World Health Organization officially declared an end to the COVID-19 pandemic. Government measures, known as non-pharmaceutical…

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), characterized by social impairments and repetitive behaviors, is influenced by both genetic and environmental…

Constipation-dominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) is a functional bowel disorder characterized by disrupted bowel habits and recurrent abdominal pain…

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disorder affecting the central nervous system. Various types of MS exist, each presenting different symptoms…

Intermittent fasting has been proposed as a dietary intervention with potential benefits for cancer treatment, reducing chemotherapy-related side effects…

Arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) play vital roles in brain health and exhibit anti-inflammatory properties…

Breast milk offers vital protection against various diseases and complications, fosters optimal development and reduces the severity of infections…

A 2021 US Congressional Report highlighted elevated metal levels in infant food, and other recent revelations have seen high lead content…

Breast milk is widely regarded as a superior source of nutrition, offering various benefits such as protection against allergies, enhanced…

An alternative, cost-effective preventative and management therapy for COVID 19 is needed, especially in developing countries where income…

Inflammation plays a crucial role in the development of various chronic non-communicable diseases, including several eye conditions such…

Nutrition plays a pivotal role in postnatal care, for both offspring and mother. Deviations in growth patterns such as growth failure have…

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a prevalent gastrointestinal disorder, is typically characterized by heartburn and regurgitation, as…

Poor sleep quality is a common health concern that can significantly impact overall well-being. Compelling evidence suggests that insufficient..

Cognitive complaints encompass self-reported impairments in daily cognitive performance such as increased memory loss. Cognitive complaints…

The 2020 COVID-19 pandemic significantly impacted various aspects of people’s lives, including mental health, physical well-being and…

Muscle loss and insulin resistance can result from a sedentary lifestyle. Leucine, a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA), plays an important role…

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is characterized by high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) first detected at any point during pregnancy…

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) such as Crohn’s disease (CD) impact over 6 million individuals globally. CD is an immune-related bowel…

Migraine, a prevalent headache in children, significantly impacts both the affected children and their families’ quality of life. Migraine can cause…

This paper aimed to assess the relationship between dietary choline and the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), as…

Dairy products play a significant role in providing essential nutrients. These products are recommended in dietary guidelines due to their…

Lead, mercury, and cadmium are toxic metals linked to substantial health issues. These metals are of particular concern when exposed…

The global crisis triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic has been recognized as a stressful situation that could worsen or contribute to…

The increasing incidence of pancreatic cancer is closely linked to high insulin levels. Previous research has showed that reducing insulin…

High blood pressure is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease and death worldwide. In the US, nearly half of adults have high blood pressure…

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological condition characterized by altered social communication, interaction, and repetitive behaviors…

The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic caused significant disruptions to the daily lives of children and families in the United States, including…

The micro-organisms residing in the human gut play a crucial role in our health, with disruptions in the gut microbiota associated with…

COVID-19 can spread rapidly and be life-threatening, imposing a substantial threat to public health. Vitamin D, a cholesterol-derived…

High intake of fructose, which is a type of sugar usually found in fruit, is a significant risk factor for hypertension. While various probiotics…

Dementia is an escalating public health concern, with cases rising from 20 million in 1990 to over 57 million in 2019. It is thought that…

For individuals living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), modifying their diet is crucial, as it has been proven to support overall health…

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), affecting up to 25-30% of the global population and even more so in individuals with obesity…

It is well documented in literature that inflammation contributes to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung function decline…

Plant-based diets are acknowledged to be more beneficial for cardiovascular and brain health, as well as weight management…

Preeclampsia (PE) is a condition characterized by high blood pressure after 20 weeks of pregnancy and carries potential for multiple organ…

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent endocrine disorder affecting up to 10% of reproductive-age women. It is characterized…

Controversial evidence surrounds the link between legumes and nuts and metabolic disturbances. This cross-sectional study examined…

Rates of obesity are increasing globally, particularly in older populations. There may be physiological processes specific to age that changes…

Autoimmune conditions like antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and lupus cause substantial suffering, death rates, and healthcare expenses…

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders, marked by recurring abdominal pain and discomfort…

Allergic diseases affect millions of children worldwide and are influenced by social and environmental factors which change the microbiota…

Severe headaches and migraines have a profound impact on people’s daily lives and are three times as frequent in women compared to men…

Children are particularly susceptible to unhealthy diets, which can increase their risk of various health problems. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity…

Osteoporosis is characterized by the deterioration of bone tissue and a decrease in bone density, which heightens the risk of fractures…

Throughout history, humans have battled infectious diseases like plagues, SARS, and Ebola. Recently, COVID-19 emerged as a global health…

The World Health Organization and UNICEF recommend breastfeeding within the first hour of birth up to 6 months of age. While breastfeeding…

The gut microbiota contains an extensive variety of bacterial species, some which may be implicated in metabolic irregularities such as…

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a global public health concern as its prevalence is increasing. CRC is the third most common cancer worldwide…

In this study, the researchers investigated the potential impact of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), particularly alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)…

Influenza A and B, which cause Acute Respiratory Tract Infections (ARTIs) are the primary culprits behind seasonal flu epidemics and commonly…

Premenstrual disorders (PMDs) are a group of conditions that are related to symptoms in the days leading up to menstruation. Premenstrual…

The prevalence of chronic conditions increases with age, affecting approximately 62% of Americans aged 65 and older. Chronic conditions…

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is usually seen in people who are overweight or obese and is a term for a variety of conditions…

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex disorder with features such as irregular menstruation, excessive androgen levels, and polycystic…

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro-developmental condition characterized by social communication difficulties, repetitive behaviors…

The COVID-19 virus has affected millions globally and has resulted in numerous deaths. This virus has shown that it can impact various…

Understanding the connections between brain signalling, appetite and obesity in humans has been challenging and many of…

This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the incidence of myocarditis and pericarditis in adolescents after receiving…

This randomized controlled trial aimed to assess whether a low-carbohydrate breakfast could lead to better glucose control in individuals…

This study looked at the impact of the Mediterranean diet and all causes of death, as well as complimenting the popular diet with…

This study looked at the impact of the Mediterranean diet and all causes of death, as well as complimenting the popular diet with…

A study at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden has shown that preterm babies, defined as babies who are born before 28 weeks…

According to a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland, children of school age years showed greater cognitive improvement…

Statins, which are drugs prescribed to manage cholesterol levels and therefore heart attack risk, were first developed in 1971. They are now…

Kombucha is a fermented beverage made by microbial fermentation of bacteria, yeasts, sugar and tea and is one of the most popular health…

The purpose of this paper was to assess whether a late eating time is associated with poor nutritional status, obesity and metabolic outcomes…

The ketogenic diet (KD) is defined as a daily dietary pattern including moderate amounts of protein, 10-15g of carbohydrates and remaining…

It is known that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have feeding difficulties such as food selectivity, food aversions due to sensory…

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a condition of the gut-brain relationship, often characterized by abdominal pain, abnormal stool frequency…

This paper is a systematic review that summarizes the evidence on obesity and asthma and how they are related, as current literature displays…

This study looked at whether consuming almonds before a main meal would have any effect on post-meal blood sugar spikes and glucose tolerance…

Previous observational studies have linked artificial sweeteners such as aspartame and saccharin with a higher body-mass index (BMI), however…

Type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) are common and concerning public health issues that share several metabolic characteristics such as…

The World Health Organization has set a global target of reducing low birth weight by 30% by the year 2025, as birth weight is a predictor of overall…

It is known that the maternal diet can have profound impacts on the health of the offspring, however this study has found that certain foods consumed…

Sedentary lifestyles such as ones that include excessive television viewing increase the risk of sickness and death. Recent data shows that young people…

This Australian research has found that there is a link between food allergies that are present as a baby and an increased risk of both asthma and poorer…

According to the World Health Organization, the global rates of obesity have nearly tripled in the last 50 years. It is currently thought that obesity is…

This randomized controlled trial was conducted in 61 healthy adults to quantify the health impacts of the polyphenols found in blueberries. The participants received…

The status of teeth have an essential role in indicating overall health. One of the most common index for assessing dental health is the number of decayed, missing…

Globally, as of July 2023, almost 7 million deaths have occurred due to a COVID-19 infection. Despite a significant improvement in the clinical understanding…

This study investigated whether there is an association between nighttime fasting, how often we eat and at what time we eat, in relation to the risk of developing…

Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects up to 10% of women. It is characterized by deposits of tissue that develop outside the uterus which can…

Research has shown that an increased body weight may be associated with risk of varying types of cancer. The purpose of this paper was to assess whether…

Non-infectious uveitis, which is inflammation to the iris that can drive problems with eyesight, is the most prevalent form of uveitis in…

Literature has shown that intakes of artificial sweeteners has been associated with weight gain. This study looked closely at the habits associated with…

The purpose of this systematic review including 18 studies was to understand the impact that sourdough bread has on glucose spikes and appetite, as well…

The factors that influence how we feel when we wake up and for the duration of the day are expected to be due to how we sleep, however this paper has…

It is estimated that 40% of noncommunicable diseases can be attributed to dietary behaviors. There is also strong evidence that excessive…

It is often said that eating a big breakfast is the best way to lose weight, or eating late at night will cause weight gain. This study assesses whether the time of…

Artificial sweeteners are used as an alternative to sugar as they have a sweet taste without the calories and more than 20,000 products worldwide contain…

Mold is commonly found inside and outside the home as it grows in places with lots of moisture and is present in the air, soil, plants, animals and even humans…

The global obesity epidemic is increasingly effecting children and adolescents. It has been estimated by The World Obesity Federation that 71 million children…

Fermented beverages such as kombucha and kefir have a long history of being enjoyed by people worldwide. The starter cultures used a SCOBY for…

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an auto-immune disease that impacts roughly 1% of the global population and is associated with increased risk of death…

Individuals who have high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and/or obesity are at increased risk of complications with their health such as renal disease…

The aim of this paper was to investigate whether adhering to cancer prevention recommendations such as dietary and lifestyle changes before, during…

Dyslipidemia is defined as abnormalities to lipid (fat) profiles, such as elevated total cholesterol and triglycerides. Abnormalities of lipid profiles are associated…

The purpose of this paper was to assess the role of dietary flavanoids such as quercetin and myricetin in cognitive performance. Cognitive performance…

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neuro-developmental condition with common characteristics such as impaired social interaction and repetitive behaviors…

Diabetes is a disease that involves multiple systems of the body and results from insulin resistance (type 2 diabetes) and/or deficiencies in insulin secretion (type 1 diabetes)…

A research team from the Garvan Institute of Medical Research in Sydney found that stress can override the body’s natural response to feeling full, and increase cravings for highly…

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by narrowing airways causing airflow obstruction. Approximately 20 million people in the United States are impacted…

The human gut microbiota is made up of trillions of micro-organisms and can be altered by many factors, such as lifestyle choices and nutrition. The micro-organisms are also…

Mast cells are a type of white blood cell which are located in connective tissue, such as under the skin, in the lungs, intestines and nerves. Mast cells constantly release many chemicals…

Nutrition plays a crucial role in any athlete’s performance, however this review shows that it may also impact visual range. Visual range is assessed by how far someone can…

Cardiovascular diseases such as ischemic heart disease and stroke continue to be the leading cause of death worldwide. The first stage of common cardiovascular diseases…

Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 virus, many people are still struggling with health consequences since their initial infection. Long-COVID is a term being used in literature…

The purpose of this paper was to determine the prevalence and severity of mast cell activation in long-COVID, which has been hypothesized as a contributing factor to the persistent…

This large-scale study including 3,562 older adults established that a diet low in flavanols may drive age-related memory loss. The participants were randomly assigned to a 3 year…

Countless studies have shown that a high-fat and high-sugar diet is associated with an increased risk of metabolic disease and some clinical studies have implied that eating this way may…

The most fatal cancer in women is breast cancer and it has now overtaken lung cancer as the world’s most diagnosed cancer. A woman is diagnosed with breast cancer every 14 seconds…

Humans have a biological clock called the circadian rhythm, a process that programs sleep, food, social interactions and heart health. The circadian rhythm is programmed largely by genes…

It is well known that a high saturated fat intake is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and that diets centered around increasing plants is more beneficial for heart health. A plant-based diet…

Not consuming enough dietary fibre from fruit and vegetables significantly increases the risk for non-communicable diseases, however children worldwide eat far less fruits and vegetables…

Background: Dietary nitrate has a controversial role in human health. For over half a century, the nitrate content of the three major dietary sources – vegetables, meat, and water – has been legislated…

Chemotherapy continues to be the first line therapy for the majority of cancers, despite its harmful side effects which significantly harm the physical and mental wellbeing of patients…

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasing in prevalence and is a major concern to global health and well-being. MetS is associated with a number of conditions such as obesity…

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a serious public health concern that is predicted to increase by more than 100 million cases in the next decade. Genetics, lifestyle and dietary…

Mistletoe extract has traditionally been used for patients suffering with cancer to support symptoms and to improve quality of life for decades, however there is limited evidence…

There is currently a theory called the geroscience hypothesis that suggests that slowing or reversing the molecular changes that coincide with aging can delay the onset of multiple chronic…

The gut-brain axis, also known as the brain-gut-microbiome is characterized by communication channels that exist between the gut and brain. Literature has shown that diet…

This study, published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology, examined the role of western diets in joint inflammation and skin disorders such as psoriasis. Psoriasis is an auto-immune…

The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between exposure to various pets and food allergies. The authors analysed data from the Japan Environment and Children’s Study…

Depression is a global public health concern characterized by low mood and decreased energy. Depression affects almost 10% of the US population and severely impacts individuals…

This prospective longitudinal study aimed to assess whether there is an association between the quality of a maternal diet and the subsequent diet and body composition of their children…

Autoimmune disease (AD) affects almost 7% of Americans and 5% of Australians and these rates continue to rise. There are a wide range of conditions that present differently…

In this paper published in the journal of Mitochondrian, Dr Robert Naviaux proposes a term named the cell danger response (CDR) for the healing cycle that may be disrupted…

Numerous studies have shown that obesity is associated with chronic inflammation, which can often be mediated with dietary and lifestyle choices. Polyphenols are a group of metabolites found…

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic condition of the central nervous system causing damage to the myelin sheath of nerve cells located in the spine and brain. Research has shown that genetic…

The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are toxic concentrations of metals in a variety of common household beverages such as soft drinks, plant-based milks…

A research team from Duke-NUS Medical School and the National University of Singapore have found that a transporter protein named Mfsd2a plays a critical role in brain health…

This paper looked at the levels of carotenoids and fatty acids in participants’ blood in order to measure adherence to the Mediterranean diet and its role in Type 2 Diabetes…

Researchers from Cologne have tested their hypothesis that the human brain learns to prefer high-fat and high-sugar foods after exposure. To examine this, the researchers administered…

Multiple research papers have demonstrated that brain health and cognitive performance can be supported with both general dietary management as well as specific nutritional therapy…

Since the start of the COVID-19 virus there have been over 6 million deaths reported worldwide. Evidence has suggested that death rates within four weeks of being critically ill from…

Ferroptosis, which is a type of cell death where the body goes into self destruction mode, is implicated in many cancers. Glioblastoma is a type of cancer that has an extremely poor prognosis…

Over 500 million adults worldwide had diabetes in 2021 and this number is predicted to rise to over 700 million by 2045. The risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and premature death is…

Despite being a high-quality protein and a great source of nutrients, the consumption of red meat is often discouraged due to its association with an increased risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease…

Researchers from the University of Birmingham have conducted this systematic review which examined 20 studies exploring the diet of women during the preconception and postpartum period..

Due to an increase in rates of obesity in children, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is now increasingly seen in children and young adults. This study examines whether the combination…

The human gut microbiome has various functions within the body, including supporting the immune system, the nervous system and influencing the risk of chronic diseases…

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterised by social communication difficulties, repetitive behavior and sensory integration disorder…

Sufficient calcium levels are essential for many physiological processes and preventing chronic conditions, particularly for maintaining bone health. Associations between sufficient calcium…

The purpose of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to compare common hay fever and anti-histamine medication such as cetirizine with spirulina supplementation for the treatment…

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common immune-mediated condition which is largely misunderstood. Atopic dermatitis is extremely common and has almost tripled in prevalence over the last 30 years…

The Nordic diet is consumed by people from Nordic countries such as Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Iceland. It is characterized by being mostly plant based, based on a large consumption of fruits…

Researchers from Australia have compared a diet utilising intermittent fasting with a reduced calorie diet to see which is more effective for people likely to develop type 2 diabetes…

This study is a 12-week placebo-controlled trial examining the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which is a common essential fatty acid, in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)…

The reduction of estrogen levels seen in menopause can cause an inflammatory cascade, anxiety and sexual dysfunction. The researchers of this paper looked at curcumin and vitamin E…

The risk of developing a degenerative disease such as cancer, Parkinson’s Disease (PD) or Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) increases as the human population ages. Stress to the endoplasmic reticulum…

Research concerning vitamin E’s role in insulin resistance and blood sugar levels is currently inconsistent and the last systematic review published in this area in 2014 reached inconclusive results…

By 2050 the worldwide prevalence of dementia is predicted to be over 150 million people. There is currently no cure for dementia and pharmacological treatment has been mostly unsuccessful…

Adverse events from common drugs are a major health concern globally. In the USA, there are approximately 24 million adverse events reported to the Federal Drug Administration annually…

Rice crops are very vulnerable to pollution and the heavy metal accumulation can be up to three times more than other common grains such as wheat. Heavy metal accumulation…

Research has clearly noted that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have an increased chance of obesity, however whether ASD is associated with other cardiometabolic…

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common psychiatric disorder characterised by fear or anxiety in regards to social situations such as having a conversation, meeting new people…

This research has established why there is a correlation between high fat and sugar laden diets and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is a typical eating pattern in western countries…

Silymarin, commonly referred to as milk thistle, contains flavonolignans and other polyphenolic compounds that exert anti-oxidant and liver protective properties and can improve…

Metabolic syndrome (MeS) is a complex disorder yet is increasingly common in western countries. It is characterised by impaired fasting blood glucose, abdominal obesity, hypertension…

Many countries reduced or banned the use of Bisphenol A (BPA) which is a toxic chemical found in the lining of food cans, plastics and receipts. BPA is linked to prostate and breast cancer…

Preventing dementia is a public health priority worldwide due to its high prevalence and the associated financial burden on health systems. Researchers are constantly working to identify…

Kidney cancer is one of the most common cancers in men and the tenth most common in women. The global incidence of kidney cancer is also increasing every year. The known risk factors…

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men and is unfortunately increasingly fatal. This paper looked at whether nutrient status, including both deficiencies and excesses…

Dietary strategies to enhance performance and reduce muscle soreness post exercise has gained attention as naturally occurring phytochemicals and anti-oxidants have shown to have some benefit…

The aim of this study was to examine any possible associations between waterborne nitrate and trihalomethanes and the risk of prostate cancer. Nitrate and trihalomethanes are common…

This cohort study analysed whether treatment-resistant depression (TRD), due to its role in chronic inflammation, could be a risk factor for autoimmune diseases and whether there are any sex-specific…

Anthocyanins, which are water soluble pigments responsible for the red, blue and violet colours in fruits and vegetables, have been shown in literature to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes…

There are currently more than 50 million people globally who live with dementia and this number is expected to triple by 2050. This prospective cohort study analysed the impacts of vitamin D…

The gut-brain axis, which refers to the relationship between the gastrointestinal tract and the brain, is influenced by several factors including microbiota. Microbiota are the micro-organisms that exist…

Research has consistently shown that insomnia is associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), including heart attacks. This study aimed to further assess the role of insomnia…

Risk factors for Parkinson’s disease (PD) are largely genetic, however increasing attention is being paid to environmental factors such as diet and the gastrointestinal tract…

Allergic conditions such as asthma and dermatitis are extremely common and are increasing in prevalence. The purpose of this paper was to examine whether early life antibiotic exposure may contribute…

The purpose of this paper was to evaluate a North American pediatric population to see whether vitamins and minerals have an impact on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and irritability…

Although there has been substantial advances in the understanding, diagnosing and treatment of cancer, the prevalence of this condition is still high. According to epidemiological data…

The researchers of this paper have identified 123 specific physical locations of genes that are associated with the risk of migraine headaches, 86 of which were previously unknown…

A combination of genetic and environmental risk factors contribute to coronary heart disease (CHD), which is responsible for approximately 10% of deaths in Australia per year…

This study provides an alternate theory on the potential cause of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), which is a condition characterized by the accumulation of abnormal proteins in the brain…

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterised by altered social responsiveness and behaviours. The aetiology of ASD is a combination of genetic and environmental…

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterised by altered social responsiveness and behaviours. The aetiology of ASD is a combination of genetic and environmental…

Literature has shown that calorie restriction (CR), which is defined as reducing dietary intake of calories, can slow down aging by positively impacting DNA methylation and increasing healthy lifespan…

Binge drinking is the most common pattern of alcohol consumption during adolescent years in western counties. In Australia, close to one third of adolescents aged 19 and below are reported to binge…

Given that diabetes is on the rise, there has been much attention paid to dietary interventions that may be able to help the alarming number of pre-diabetic patients that are rapidly developing diabetes…

The purpose of this paper was to examine whether there is a relationship between dietary patterns before a breast cancer diagnosis and survival rate of breast cancer. The results were calculated…

Ultra-processed foods (UPF) are commonly consumed in many countries and are primarily made up of nutrient void and highly manufactured food such as biscuits, processed meats.

According to this new study led by the University of California San Diego, women over the age of 65 were less likely to develop dementia or mild cognitive impairment if they engaged…

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been thought to contribute to cognitive decline however the reason why is unclear. This paper explored the hypothesis that NAFLD can alter cognition…

Nitrites and nitrates are common food additives found in processed meat, as well as compounds that naturally occur in soil and water. It is currently unclear whether they exhibit harmful or beneficial…

There is currently no randomized clinical trial that has evaluated the effects of a school-based gardening intervention on the health of children, despite it being increasingly implemented in schools…

Bipolar disorder is characterized by episodes of mood fluctuations which can be manic and depressive. Its pathophysiology is not entirely understood, however, the role of the human gut microbiota…

High-quality sleep is critical to protect overall health and wellbeing. Sleep quality can be defined as an individual’s satisfaction with all aspects of their sleep and a sleep disorder is a disturbance…

A Modified Atkins Diet (MAD) is often trialled as a complementary treatment for drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) however there is limited research on its efficacy. This study explored if standard drug therapy…

It is estimated that over 95% of Australians are not meeting the recommended daily intake of choline. A choline deficiency is linked with muscle and liver damage, heart disease…

Given there are extremely healthy vegetarian diets, as well as nutrient poor vegetarian diets based on processed meat replacements, it’s important to elucidate whether it’s a vegetarian diet itself…

Vitamin D plays an extremely important role in the functioning of the human body and a deficiency is linked to increased likelihood of many common diseases. The link between vitamin D and skin..

Obesity has increased globally in the last decade, as well as diets that include more processed and less fresh foods. Poor dietary patterns such as high amounts of fast food and nutrient depleted food..

This study has found that eating fast food is associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), also known as liver steatosis a condition where fat builds up in the liver. NAFLD can be..

The World Health Organisation has estimated that approximately 80% of the global population incorporate herbal medicine within healthcare practises, particularly developing..

Herbs and spices are rich in polyphenols which literature has shown can positively influence the human gut and its bacterial environment. There has been approximately 52 phenolic compounds..

Infertility is defined as an inability to conceive after more than one year of unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility is a major global health concern that impacts 48 million couples worldwide..

The Mediterranean diet has been strongly associated with a reduced risk of mortality and morbidity, such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer. The mediterranean diet is characterized..

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener commonly used as a sugar replacement in low-calorie drinks and foods. It was approved by the FDA in 1981 and has rapidly increased in use since this date..

As the world becomes more conscience of its carbon footprint, there has been a global shift from consuming animal products, especially meat, into plant-based diets as a more environmentally..

Butyrate, a short-chain fatty acid produced in the gut after consuming dietary fiber, is a key energy source for colonocytes, which are cells found in the colon. Butyrate plays an important role..

An animal study that has looked into continued exposure to Allura Red, a common food dye, has found that it may trigger inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative..

As the human population ages, we undergo biological changes that impact the health of our muscles, such as muscle strength, bone density and grip strength. The objective of this systematic review..

Data shows that up to 50% of patients with head and neck cancer have already reported weight loss at the point of being diagnosed. Nutrition therapy during the diagnosis and treatment process..

This paper is a systematic review that analysed the available literature on whether there is a correlation between alcohol consumption and endometriosis. The results show that there is an increased..

Pre-eclampsia is a dangerous pregnancy condition that is distinguished as high blood pressure after 20 weeks of gestation with other possible complications such as placental dysfunction..

Vitamin C is a water-soluble nutrient found in most fruits and vegetables. It is a powerful antioxidant, strengthens the immune defense system, has a role in the formation of collagen…

Obesity in children is increasing at an alarming rate, which also increases a child’s likelihood of serious chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer..

A new study on twins has shown that consistent exercise can change epigenetics, which is the way in which our genes behave, regardless of the genes that have been inherited…

For individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD), they are often recommended to restrict the consumption of fruit and vegetables since they are high in potassium, which can complicate CKD…

Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) is a major concern and the most prevalent anaemia worldwide among children and pregnant women. Iron deficiency in children has serious consequences…

Hip fractures are extremely common, particularly among older women and contribute to decreased quality of life and increased mortality. Currently, there is insufficient evidence to conclude…

Constipation is a common condition among older individuals and is more common in women and nursing home residents. Chronic constipation can have a detrimental impact on quality…

Kidney cancer is one of the most common cancers in men and the tenth most common in women. The global incidence of kidney cancer is also increasing every year. The known risk factors..

The purpose of this paper was to assess the role of dietary flavanoids such as quercetin and myricetin in cognitive performance. Cognitive performance was measured as recall, memory, spatial..

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition of the endocrine system estimated to impact up to 25% of women of reproductive age. PCOS is characterized by intense menstrual pain…

The researchers of this paper examined the role of almonds in an individual’s appetite throughout the day and found that 30-50 grams could help reduce the number of total calories…

Partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) is a soluble fibre that increases the production of beneficial bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract and helps product short-chain fatty acids (SCFA)…

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) refers to a group of cardio-metabolic presentations such as obesity, high blood glucose levels, high blood pressure or high cholesterol. MetS is considered as..

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder of the gastro-intestinal system, with a prevalence of 4%. It is characterized by abdominal pain and bowel habits that fluctuate between constipation..

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by changes in social communication and interaction abilities usually with the presence of repetitive behaviours..

More efficient treatment therapies for psychiatric disorders such as major depressive disorder (MDD) is urgently needed, as over 60% of patients currently taking anti-depressant medication..

By looking at glutathione levels, which is the most important anti-oxidant found in the brain, this study has shown that motivation levels might be impacted when oxidative stress is high…

An Australian study of one year duration tracking the diet of over 9000 individuals has shown that highly processed foods that are low in protein are one of the main contributing factors …

Literature shows that almost all anti-psychotic medications induce weight gain and other metabolic changes such as insulin resistance. These factors then contribute to an increased …

The purpose of this paper was to determine whether mRNA Covid-19 vaccinations are associated with the risk of myocarditis and pericarditis and which sex or age group are most at risk…

This study is a large population-based study of 22 million individuals from the UK, looking at prevalence of 19 common autoimmune diseases and 12 common cardiovascular diseases…

Sarcopenia (loss of muscle mass and function) is more likely as we age. It has several negative effects, such as an increased incidence of falls and reduced quality of life.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a gastrointestinal disorder characterized by irregular bowel movements, bloating and abdominal pain. It is often associated with anxiety and depression …

Helicobacter Pylori is a bacteria that colonizes the human stomach and is known to cause multiple ailments such as gastritis, stomach ulcers and gastric cancer. Research has shown that vitamins …

This clinical trial looks at how a low-carbohydrate diet impacts participants with high blood sugar levels, which is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes and other cardiometabolic diseases…

This worldwide study looked at the alcohol consumption of over 25,000 people from various ethnic backgrounds and 27 countries. It aimed to assess whether low, moderate and high consumption…

As there are limited pharmaceutical drugs that can control and prevent the spread of Covid-19, herbal medicines are urgently needed to further support the immune and respiratory system. ..

Almonds are known to be extremely nutrient dense due to their high content of fiber, polyphenols and healthy fats however research surrounding the benefits of foods are…

The ketogenic diet (KD) has a vast history of use and has recently gained substantial interest due to its potentially positive impact on epilepsy and other diseases such as obesity…

COVID-19 is an ongoing health concern with studies still being published at a rapid rate concerning its economic, public health and individual health ramifications. This narrative review examines…

According to the World Health Organisation, the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents has increased fivefold in recent years. This is a serious concern as obesity at childhood…

The All of Us Research Program (AoURP) is a current initiative from the USA that is collecting health data regarding lifestyle, physical activity and overall incidence of disease in1,000,000 American’s…

The mediterranean diet receives substantial attention regarding cardiovascular and overall health and is the most widely tested dietary pattern. It is also a highly palatable, accessible and sustainable approach to…

There is a current gap in knowledge regarding why some dietary fibers worsen the symptoms of patients with irritable bowel disease (IBD). The first aim of this paper was to determine whether specific dietary fibers …

An understanding of how vegetable consumption and overall nutrition is linked with adverse health outcomes is essential for guiding health policy as well as individual health choices. It is also critical to specifically…

The aim of this paper was to document the ways exercise benefits the body on a cellular and genetic level. The researchers studied mice with either a varied or high-fat diet, who were either active or sedentary. The researchers…

Low bone mass (osteopenia) has a large impact on bone health and is a serious health concern. Almost half of all adults aged over 50 in the United States have low bone mass in the neck, spine or both, which is a significant…

This paper is a summary report of a study that is not yet published, however is being presented this week at the American College of Cardiology congress. It reports that eating refined grains was linked with a higher risk for…

In the last two decades, western diets have shifted towards more processed and packaged food. In Europe, it is reported that 10-50% of household food items are defined as ultra-processed foods (UPF), meaning they have been…

This paper looks at the role of fatty fish in the prevention of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). AMD can be defined as an eye disease that causes loss of vision whereby blurred vision is a main symptom. Literature…

The postpartum period can be a highly stressful time for women, caused by a number of different things, including a traumatic birth, hospitalisation post birth, lack of support, physical pain etc. Because postpartum stress…

Inadequate consumption of dietary fiber has been associated with multiple cancers such as colorectal, breast, endometrial and renal cell carcinoma. Low fiber intake has also been linked to diabetes and cardiovascular disease…

The aim of this paper was to compare the role of coffee, as opposed to caffeine, in the role of cardiovascular disease and longevity. Previous research has mostly focused on caffeine as the protective constituent in coffee…

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) impacts a quarter of the population worldwide and there are currently no approved pharmacological medications. As a result, lifestyle and dietary interventions that facilitate calorie…

Migraines are extremely common globally and existing pharmaceutical treatments often do not provide sufficient pain relief. This study shows that dietary changes may be another way individuals can try and manage their pain…

Research has shown that diets that include minimal essential vitamins and minerals, have a high glycaemic index or added sugar intake may negatively influence mental health, yet there is scarce evidence on the impact of ultra-processed…

This paper reviews the current evidence on the impact of mould in Australian housing, in order to help identify gaps in housing and health research as well as clinical practice and policy. Forty-five research papers were included…

Turmeric has been used as a medicinal agent for centuries due to its active component curcumin. A number of studies have shown that curcumin has a positive impact on the immune system, is an antioxidant, inhibits inflammation…

Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains to be the second most common type of cancer causing death worldwide, hypothesised to be largely attributed to poor quality diets and a lack of fibre intake. Western-style diets, typically high in…

This paper focuses on whether there is a relationship between a woman’s breastfeeding history and their cognitive performance later in life, over the age of 50. This paper assigned comprehensive neuropsychological tests to a cohort…

Licorice, also known as Glycyrrhiza genus, is a plant cultivated worldwide that has been historically used to treat many ailments. Glycyrrhiza genus consists of roughly 30 species belonging to the family of Leguminosae and holds hundreds.

This paper is a randomised controlled trial (RCT) on the effects of non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) such as saccharin, sucralose, aspartame and stevia in humans. Due to sugar consumption being strongly linked to weight gain…

Due to growing and ageing populations, hip fractures are becoming extremely prevalent globally. Suggestions have been made in research that there may be a link between meat-free diets and poor bone health, however…

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a group of neurodevelopmental disorders characterised by altered social interaction, communication and repetitive behaviour. Literature has shown that the etiology of ASD may be…

The restrictions and lockdowns, introduced in 2020 to slow the transmission of the Covid-19 virus and the infection rates has impacted global trends inlcuding reduced physical activity, changed sleeping patterns, increased…

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterised by permanent damage to the function of the kidneys. The known risk factors are hypertension and diabetes, However, there are a high number of cases with unknown etiology…

Neurodegenerative Diseases are Multifactorial Diseases of the Central Nervous System, Triggered by Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors, as well as Advanced Age. This reviews discusses the role of pathogens such as viruses…

Dietary Flavonols are a Type of Phytochemicals that have been shown in research to be extremely beneficial to human health due to being antioxidants, antimicrobials, anti cancerous, anti-inflammatory and effective at reducing…

Data shows that the rates of obese and overweight women during reproductive age is increasing which leads to metabolic disorders such as type-2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. These conditions may affect the development…

Background and Aims: The relationship between hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is poorly understood. Methods: We examined the effects of HHcy on NASH progression, metabolism…

This paper is a research highlight of a recently published article whereby Dmitrieva-Posocco et al. (2022) showed that the Ketogenic Diet can exert strong benefits in the prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC). CRC is one….

This study looked at the association between dietary patterns and the status of infertility in a large male population. The results showed that adherence to a healthy dietary pattern such as a high intake of fish, eggs, dairy products, fruits, vegetables…

Migraine is a neurological disorder characterised by repeated episodes of mild to severe headaches, often accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The etiology and pathophysiology of migraine is not fully understood, however literature…

One of the most important functions of the human gut microbiota is the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) such as acetate, propionate and butyrate, which are end products of fermentation mostly from dietary fibres. SCFAs have been shown…

One of the most important functions of the human gut microbiota is the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) such as acetate, propionate and butyrate, which are end products of fermentation mostly from dietary fibres. SCFAs have been shown…

It is estimated that nearly 80% of women with obesity will eventually develop sleep apnoea which impacts just under 1 billion people worldwide. Whilst obesity is a large contributing factor, literature also shows that women after menopause have…

The incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is high in both men and women, however there are differences in risk amongst sex. Whilst the differences in risk amongst women and men has been studied extensively, little research has been done on the sex…

Depression is commonly referred to as a serotonin deficiency and this has been used as the justification for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (antidepressant medication) for a very long time. This serotonin theory of depression remains extremely influential…

B vitamins play an essential role in the function of the nervous system, including helping to down-regulate neuronal excitation. This paper combined results of double-blind placebo-controlled trials that assessed the individual impacts of Vitamin B12 and B6…

Many people have shared that they experienced unexpected menstrual bleeding or other menstrual irregularities after receiving a Covid-19 vaccination. Considering that vaccine trials do not usually monitor for adverse events for more than seven days after…

Recent literature has shown a strong link between a Covid-19 infection and neurodegenerative characteristics, which has surfaced many questions as to whether Covid-19 increases the likelihood of being diagnosed with a neurodegenerative disorder. The aim…

Although data has historically shown women live longer than men, women do have higher rates of disability and illness. This research from the University of Georgia investigated whether a woman’s life can be improved with a better diet and found that foods high…

The physiological changes occurring within the human body during exercise are energy consumption, water loss, electrolyte loss, an accumulation of lactic acid and free radical damage. Fatigue is the external presentation of these internal changes. The purpose…

The physiological changes occurring within the human body during exercise are energy consumption, water loss, electrolyte loss, an accumulation of lactic acid and free radical damage. Fatigue is the external presentation of these internal changes. The purpose…

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have shown to be problematic in literature for metabolic and hormonal signaling pathways in humans and are being more commonly linked to common illnesses such as diabetes, obesity and increased liver enzymes..

Intermittent fasting is known to have a wide range of health benefits such as lowering the risk of diabetes, heart disease and reducing inflammation. The researchers of this paper aimed to discover whether intermittent fasting would reduce the severity of Covid-19…

Osteoporosis is recognized as a major public health concern and the most common metabolic bone disease. Factors that increase someone’s likelihood of developing osteoporosis include family history, aging, gender, menopause, cigarette smoking, alcohol, low body…

The purpose of this paper was to analyse the association between allergic diseases such as dermatitis, asthma and allergic rhinitis with the risk of liver cancer, given that liver cancer is a leading cause of cancer incidence and mortality globally. The authors conducted a retrospective…

This systematic review of literature from July 2021 till January 2022 shows a summary of current literature that details an increasing number of autoimmune and inflammatory-related adverse effects. The side effects have been documented as an increase in Guillain Barré…

Since the population of aging adults is increasing, understanding the complexities and contributors to age-related health is imperative. This study examines associations between stress and immune aging in a national sample of 5,744 older US adults. The stressors looked…

Despite there being several treatment options available for pain, the side effects are wide ranging, from gastrointestinal irritation, cardiovascular toxicity and potential dependence. Seeking alternative treatments for pain management is critically important. Metformin, a drug used…

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a varied clinical manifestation. There are common characteristics such as social and communication difficulties, restricted interests and repetitive behaviors. However emerging literature suggests that 50% of individuals…

This narrative review is summarising the available data on the relationship between vitamin D and COVID-19, as well as vitamin D’s role in inflammation, the immune system and cardiovascular and respiratory conditions. To date, there is no international guideline that has reached a consensus…

This paper aimed to look at environmental risk factors of cardiovascular disease, such as air pollution, indoor fuel use without proper ventilation such as a chimney and proximity to traffic. The study concluded that along with diabetes, smoking and high blood pressure, these environmental factors are…

Vitamin D is an essential nutrient that plays a major role in the immune and skeletal system and the function of many organs. Vitamin D deficiency is common, affecting approximately 50% of people globally and is a major public health concern. A deficiency in vitamin D is known to be associated with…

Declines in function of the circadian rhythm is one of the most observed hallmarks of aging across animal and human lifeforms and is associated with negative health consequences. Based on research on fruit flies, this study has explored correlations between circadian rhythms and lifespan, but also how diet…

This paper is a randomised controlled double-blind clinical trial conducted on 100 patients with type 2 diabetes aged between 45 and 75. The study aimed to examine the effect of oral folic acid supplementation for 12 weeks on levels of serum homocysteine, glycemic control, lipid profiles and other markers…

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an early-onset neurodevelopmental condition distinguished by impairments with social interaction, communication disruption and repetitive behaviours. There have been many studies assessing the association between genetic variants and ASD risk however most of these studies…

Whilst mortality and morbidity related to COVID-19 has typically been higher among adults compared with adolescents, lockdowns, restrictions and school closures have presented risk factors of its own to adolescent health. The objective of this prospective cohort study was to examine dietary and lifestyle changes…

Currently, antihistamine medications and specific allergen immunotherapy is thought to be the only option for alleviating symptoms of allergies. Given that micronutrient deficiencies such as iron are extremely common and known to promote allergic reactions, the authors of this paper have conducted a randomised…

For children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), iron-deficiency anemia is considered the most common complication and it impacts neurodevelopment, quality of life and physical growth. Iron-deficiency anemia in IBD is also correlated with gastrointestinal bleeding, mucosal inflammation…

Candida albicans is a common commensal yeast of the intestinal microbiome, however it can shift from a beneficial to pathogenic organism due to a compromised immune system, predisposing conditions or dysbiosis. Candida albicans can also translocate through the intestinal epithelium into…

According to this observational study, people who drink moderate amounts of alcohol are at a significantly higher risk of developing problems associated with alcohol consumption compared with those who drink the same amount of alcohol overall but don’t binge. After analyzing the patterns…

Since the mid-1970s, there has been an observed reduction in the male sperm count with sperm counts declinig by over 52% between 1973 and 2011. This a significant reduction, sometimes being reported as a crisis and therefore understanding any potential modulations of male fertility…

Mental health disorders such as Anxiety and Depression are recognised as the leading causes of disability globally, however the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic related restrictions, lockdowns and isolation have made mental health even more of a challenge to all populations. On top of this…

Some studies have reported adverse reactions to the currently available COVID-19 vaccinations, such as fever, fatigue, headaches, anaphylaxis, thrombosis, Guillain–Barre syndrome and myocarditis. The number of cases of of myocarditis in particular has been addressed by the Centers for Disease Control and…

Roughly 3 g/d of Omega-3 fatty acids (docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic acid) appears to be the optimal daily dose to help lower blood pressure (BP), according to a meta-analysis published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.This meta-analysis included randomised controlled trials published…

The prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA) has rapidly increased globally and it is now the most common form of arthritis. OA is characterized by degeneration of the joint cartilages and can cause significant pain and disability among those impacted. The knee joint is one of the most common areas impacted by OA, referred to as…

Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, 10% of pregnant women and 13% of postpartum women experienced a mental health disorder, with anxiety being among the most common. Given that anxiety disorders can have negative consequences for pregnant women and their offspring, it is critically important…

Excessive weight in childhood and adolescence has been associated in previous literature with impaired insulin action and the development of comorbidities later in life such as hypertension, type 2 Diabetes (T2D), cardiometabolic diseases and cancer. Excess weight in childhood…

This cohort analysis aimed to look at the trends of lung cancer (LC) mortality in Australia and China, the two largest countries in the Western Pacific Region, by examining LC rates and its relationship to age and time period from 1990 to 2019 in Australia and China. The purpose of this comparative analysis is to understand…

Evidence has shown that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be related to low levels of neurotransmitters in the brain, and that the minerals and vitamins involved in the pathways of these neurotransmitters act as cofactors for overall brain and neurotransmitter function. Symptom severity has also been…

There are many known risk factors of preterm birth such as premature rupture of membranes, infections and microbial displacement in the amniotic cavity. Research has elucidated that different Lactobacillus species may offer different risks for various birth related adverse events – suggesting the vaginal…

This meta-analysis and systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of vitamin D supplementation for the improvement of insulin resistance in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin, has been shown in literature to regulate bone homeostasis, regulate insulin resistance…

The objective of this randomised controlled trial (RCT) is to determine whether a mixed modality approach based on physical activity and tracking nutritional parameters prevents mobility disability in patients with age related physical frailty and sarcopenia. 1519 men and women aged 70 years or older were included in…

Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is pain or cramping shortly before or during menstruation, often accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, back pain, headaches, diarrhea, and fatigue. PD is categorised as dysmenorrhea that is present without any diagnosis or obvious pathological cause, whereas secondary…

It is a defining feature of Parkinson’s disease (PD) that it is linked with the gradual death of dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra, however the molecular structure and specific vulneribilities of these neurons in the pathophysiology of PD is unknown. This paper has identified the molecular features of the neurons…

This paper discusses the role of the COVID-19 virus on the human microbiota, as emerging evidence from clinical studies has suggested that respiratory and gastrointestinal homeostasis is disturbed in the human microbiota post a COVID-19 infection, and is one of the main contributing factors to mortality…

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common disease of the liver, with prevalence estimated to be up to 45% of the global population. This randomised controlled trial aimed to assess the efficacy of exercise and a fibre enriched diet in patients diagnosed with NAFLD. The results showed that…

In China, there are 3 million cancer deaths reported annually, with colorectal, lung, stomach, female breast and liver cancer being the most frequently diagnosed. It is well documented that major risk factors for cancer include smoking, chronic infection, alcohol consumption and, potentially, certain dietary factors…